Chancellorsville staff ride : briefing book

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In this period, students will familiarize themselves with the campaign and battle and prepare to represent a particular character or event in the battle as their personal responsibility to the group's discussion in the field see appendix A.

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As part of the staff ride and battlefield tour package for Wilson's Creek, vignettes are provided in chapter 3 that may be read at the various stands to enhance student involvement. These vignettes will give students an insight into the emotional disposi tion and atti tudes of the battle participants. During the field-study phase, instructors must show greater flexibility in the time spent at each stand, because student discussions will tend to cause each stop to be longer than in a battlefield tour.

Full text of "DTIC ADA The Wilson's Creek Staff Ride and Battlefield Tour"

The integration phase—a meeting of the staff ride group after the tour of the battlefield—should take about one hour and occur as soon as possible after the field-study phase to allow synthesis of observations and insights. At this time, instructors should encourage students to evaluate the staff ride experience and make suggestions for its improvement. The distinction between staff rides, battlefield tours, and other forms of field study is important because of the nature of smalhgreup instruction, so popular now in military training.

A battlefield tour is similar to a classroom lecture, while a staff ride is akin to a seminar where all participants have prepared in depth. The park staff is helpful and can assist instructors in arranging visits. In many respects, the battlefield is in nearly the same condition as it was in A five- mile-long blacktop road encircles the major portion of the park and is a great aid to navigation and movement. Visitors should carry canteens and wear hiking shoes or boots and long trousers.

At other times, the foliage makes terrain associations and visibility more difficult. In addition, chiggers, ticks, and snakes abound in the warmer seasons. There are several fast-food restaurants along Highway 60 in Republic, Missouri, less than five miles from the battlefield, and the Springfield area has many hotels that may easily accommodate groups staying overnight. Louis to Springfield. The campaign provides examples of some of the best leadership, decision making, and fighting in the war.

It was a decisive campaign that resulted in Missouri remaining in the Union through the crucial winter of , during which time the North became more organized and started executing a coherent strategy. For a map of Missouri and a chronology of the struggle for the state, see map 1. According to the census, Missouri was the most populous and wealthy trans-Mississippi state.

CHANCELLORSVILLE - DAY ONE VICTORY - Ultimate General Civil War (Fixed Strength) - CSA Campaign 29

Nationally, Missouri ranked third in the production of corn; fourteenth in wheat and oats; second in! It also produced over 2 million pounds of wool annually. Moreover, the state produced five tons of copper in and ranked twelfth in the value of its products—including boots, shoes, clothing, wagons, saddlery, harnesses, tin, and sheet iron; first in the mining of lead; and eighth in the production of iron ore.

Not the least of -! Once secured by the North, Missouri would anchor the Union effort in the western theater of operations by controlling the Mississippi River north of New Madrid, Missouri. The state was edged by two Confederate states, Arkansas and Tennessee, as well as the border state, Kentucky, and pro-Southern Indian Territory. Missouri was critical ground, since control of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers would give the South a significant maneuver advantage in the west.

Missouri was a great political prize. Winning this border state into the Southern fold would signal the South's ability to spread the rebellion into new territory and encourage its sympathizers everywhere.

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Meanwhile, Governor Claiborne F. Jackson, an active secessionist, agitated to get Missouri to join the Confederacy. The pro-Union Blair family of St. Louis, however, worked equally hard to keep Missouri in the Union. Already anticipating trouble, the U. Infantry from Fort Riley, Kansas, to St. Louis to protect the arsenal. Lyon arrived in February just as the state convention voted eighty- nine to one to keep Missouri in the Union, The issue seemed settled until Fort Sumter was attacked and surrendered in mid-April.

Lincoln now responded by calling for 75, volunteers to put down the rebellion. Within a week, the Federals disbanded the Missouri State Militia and arrested secessionist leaders in St. These actions provoked local rioting by Southern sympathizers. Meanwhile, Jackson and the secessionists sought the 60, muskets, powder, and cannon in the St. Louis Arsenal. Harney, was absent, Captain Lyon—recognizing the threat to the arsenal and acting with presidential approval—removed the weapons to Alton, Illinois. Then, he fortified the arsenal and prepared to fight.

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  • Another important event occurred on 3 May , when General Winfield Scott, general in chief of the United States Army, proposed the famous Anaconda Plan that advocated Northern control of the Mississippi River and its tributaries south of St, Louis. This strategy set the stage for a Union campaign that eventually secured the Mississippi River and began the dismemberment of the Confederacy. The success of the Anaconda Plan was far from certain, however, in the spring of when the campaign for Missouri began.

    But the Union campaign outline was simple enough. The Federals would keep the Mississippi River open as far south as possible, at least as far as Cairo, Illinois, and the junction with the Ohio River. Then, as manpower became available, the Northern armies would move rapidly southward along the river lines of communication and supply. Union forces could then contain the Confederates in western and southern Missouri by moving along the Missouri River and the railroads that 5 radiated westward from St. In retrospect, the Union plan was overly ambitious, but at least the Unionists had a plan.

    By comparison, politics divided the initiators of the Confederate plans for the Missouri campaign. Their militia army was large and well-organized but poorly armed and trained. But the Confederate government in Montgomery was preoccupied in organizing the rebellion in the East and chose a defensive strategy that made the prospect of sending troops into Missouri remote. Ultimately, however, the South organized several forces along the southern Missouri border, and these armies soon poised to invade Missouri in cooperation with Jackson and Price.

    General Leonidas Polk commanded this western theater of operations for the South from Memphis. This centralized command arrangement, which proved admirable later in the war, w r as unequal, however, to the task of coordinating the fight for Missouri in In St. Louis, most of the aristocratic families sympathized with the Confederacy, and many of the male members were enrolled in the Missouri State Militia.

    Frost, to muster for a few days of training.

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    About men responded to the call and established Camp Jackson named in honor of the governor on the western edge of St. Jackson hoped that these troops might eventually recapture the arsenal and consequently arranged to have Confederate arms and ammunition smuggled into the camp. In response, Captain Lyon, in his puritanical zeal and hatred of slavery and the Southern cause, prepared to attack Camp Jackson, which he viewed as a great menace. On 10 May, while his superior was again absent, Lyon surrounded Camp Jackson with several thousand loyal troops and made the militia prisoners, The Northern press hailed Lyon as a hero whose resolute action had saved the state for the Union, but this day was one of the blackest in St.

    Louis history. Instead of paroling the disarmed militia, Lyon marched the prisoners back to the arsenal through the streets of St. Excited and resentful Southern sympathizers poured into the streets and lined the route, hurling insults and then stones and bricks at the Union soldiers guarding the prisoners. Finally, someone fired shots at the Union column, killing and wounding several soldiers.

    The troops fired back 6 indiscriminately, killing twenty-eight people. With this bloodshed, Missouri began four years of violence and cruel intersectional warfare.

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    The state legislature reacted to the bloodshed by passing a bill creating the pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard. Governor Jackson immediately appointed former governor Sterling Price to command it. At this time, secessionist forces controlled much of the state outside of St.

    Louis, and some of these men, in irregular bands, drove Union sympathizers from their homes and began guerrilla activities. Meanwhile, Harney returned to St. Louis and did his best to restore public order and calm. Louis politician and staunch Unionist. Blair manipulated his contacts in Washington to persuade Lincoln-to replace Harney with Lyon.

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    Blair and Brigadier General Lyon now took steps to disrupt the truce that Harney had worked out with Price by which the state would restrain itself from arming further. Both sides made demands that could not be met, and Lyon closed the meeting by summarily ordering Jackson and Price outside his lines. They left immediately, and Jackson returned to Jefferson City, while Price went to rally his troops.